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Country : UK
Founded : 12th July 1917
Codes : , SR, LU, MW,
Mens agitat molem - Mind over matter
No 101 Squadron was formed on 12th July 1917 and based at South Farnborough. The squadron was commanded by Major The Hon L J E Twisleton-Wykeham-Fiennes, and by the end of July the squadron was sent to France where 101 Squadron was to become the second specialist night-bomber unit in the Royal Flying Corps. 101 Squadron was equipped with the FE2b two-seat pusher bi-plane and on the 20th September 1917 began flying night bombing missions during the Battle of Menin Ridge. 101 1quadron continued night bombing missions during the 3rd Battle of Ypres and the Battle of Cambrai. 101 squadron attacked several German long-range night bomber airfields during February 1918 and these missions were among the first offensive counter air operations and up until the end of the war continued bombing missions. After the First World War 101 squadron were based in Belgium until March 1919 when returning to Britian and disbanded on the 31st December. No.101 squadron reformed on the 21st March 1928 at RAF Bircham Newton and in March 1929 the squadron was issued with the new bomber the Boulton and Paul Sidestrand. The squadron moved to RAF Andover iIn October 1929 where it remained until December 1934 when 101 squadron moved to RAF Bicester and issued with the the improved Boulton Paul Overstrand, which featured the first powered gun turret in RAF aircraft as well as othe rmodifications including more powerful engines. The Boulton Paul Overstrand is displayed on 101 Squadron's official badge. In June 1938 No 101 Squadron re-equipped with Bristol Blenheim and was stationed now at RAF West Raynham in May 1939, as part of No 2 Group, Bomber Command. When World War Two broke out 101 Squadron were stationed at RAF Brize Norton, but returned to West Raynham. It was not until the fall of France when the squadron became operational but suffered a set back when its officer commanding, Wg Cdr J H Hargroves, and his crew were lost on its first bombing mission on 5th July 1940. During the Battle of Britain 101 Squadron Blenhiems carried out bombing missions against the German barges in French ports as well as German airfields in France. Another OC 101 Squadron, Wg Cdr D Addenbrooke, was lost on the 3rd April while taking part in a raid on French ports just 3 days after taking command. 101 Squadron were re-equipped with the Vickers Wellington in April 1940 and were based at RAF Oakington and became part of No 3 Group bomber command. On the 24th July 101 Squadron lost its first Wellington on a raid against Brest. Ten Wellingtons of 101 Squadron took part in the first 1,000 bomber raid on Cologne, but losses began to mount and between July and September the Squadron lost 20 Wellingtons with 86 aircrew killed. In September 101 Squadron moved to RAF Holme-on-Spalding-Moor in Septmber 1942 and became the first operational Avro Lancaster squadron in No 1 Group.Bomber Command. 101 squadron moved to its final wartime base, RAF Ludford Magna on 15th June 1943. 101 Squadrons Lancasters took part in the raids on Hamburg and the raid on the secret German rocket site at Peenemunde. Over the winter of 1943-1944 No.101 squadron took part in the raid on Berlin but suffered high casualties. On the 31st March 1944, during the Nuremberg Raid, 101 Squadron lost 7 Lancasters and crews out of 26 dispatched. In the spring and summer of 1944 101 squadron attacked targets in France in preparation for and support of the allied invasion of Normandy. On D-Day, the squadron used "ABC" to jam nightfighter controllers to protect the British airborne landings. After D-Day 101 squadron continued raids on German cities with their last bombing mission on Berchtesgarden on 25th April 1945. 101 bomber squadron suffered the highest casualties of any Royal Air Force Squadron during the Second World War, losing 1176 aircrew killed in action. In October 1945, the Squadron moved to RAF Binbrook and later equipped with Avro Lincolns. In May 1952 101 squadorn became the first bomber squadron to receive the first Jet Bomber the English Electric Canberra B2 and in 1954 were stationed in Malaya carrying out bombing misisons against terrorist targets. In October 1956 during the Suez crisis to Malta for Operation MUSKETEER bombing raids against Egypt befroe being disbanded in February 1957 but in 1959 101 squadron was reformed and re equipped with the new Avro Vulcan B1 and the first squadorn to be armed with the British H Bomb, In 1961 101 squadron moved to RAF Waddington. In 1968 the squadron was equipped with the new Vulcan B2 . In 1982,101 Squadron Vulcans took part in Operation CORPORATE, during the Falklands War. A 101 Squadron crew carried out the first and last Operation BLACKBUCK Vulcan conventional bombing raids on Argentinean forces occupying Port Stanley in the Falkland Islands. These 8,000 mile round trip missions required extensive use of Air to Air refuelling. After the Falklands war 101 squadron was equipped with VC10s and supplied fighter aircraft with air to air refuelling during all major conflicts form Bosnia, to Operation Desert Storm and continues today in this role.
|No.101 Sqn Aviation Art Collection|
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|Aircraft for : No.101 Sqn RAF|
|A list of all aircraft known to have been flown by No.101 Sqn RAF. A profile page including a list of all art prints for the aircraft is available by clicking the aircraft name.|
Manufacturer : Bristol
The Bristol Blenheim, the most plentiful aircraft in the RAFs inventory when WWII began, was designed by Frank Barnwell, and when first flown in 1936 was unique with its all metal monoplane design incorporating a retractable undercarriage, wing flaps, metal props, and supercharged engines. A typical bomb load for a Blenheim was 1,000 pounds. In the early stages of the war Blenheims were used on many daylight bombing missions. While great heroism was displayed by the air crews, tremendous losses were sustained during these missions. The Blenhiem was easy pickings at altitude for German Bf-109 fighters who quickly learned to attack from below. To protect the vulnerable bellies of the Blenheims many missions were shifted to low altitude, but this increased the aircrafts exposure to anti-aircraft fire.
Manufacturer : Bristol
The Royal Aircraft Factory F.E.2 First World war early two-seater pusher biplane and was used by the Royal Flying Corps as a fighter and also as a day or night bomber. The FE2 was one of the few aircraft which gave the allies the edge over the Fokker aircraft of 1914/1915. In May 1915 the F.E.2b entered service with No 6 Squadron of the Royal Flying Corps and it was 20 squadron which was the first squadron to be totally equipped with Fe2 aircraft which was deployed in January 1916. The Fe2B remained in day use throughout 1916 and 1917 and in 1918 was used solely as a night bomber. The FE2b equipped 22 squadrons, 16 of which served in France with the other 6 serving the home defence. As the German fighters got better the FE2B was outclassed and was used only as a light night bomber or used on the home defense front against the Zeppelins. Crew: Two Speed: 80 knots (91.5 mph,) Endurance 3 hours Ceiling 11,000 ft Maximum take off weight 3,037 lbs Length: 32 ft 3 in Height: 12 ft 8 in Wingspan 495 ft² Engine Beardmore 6 cylinder inline piston engine giving 160 HP
Manufacturer : English Electric
Production Began : 1951
The English Electric Canberra first flew on Friday 13 May 1949 when its performance created a sensation. Such was the quality of the original design that in May 1951, when the first B2 Canberras entered service with No 101 Squadron at RAF Binbrook they could out manoeuvre all the fighters of the period and fly with impunity more than 10,000 feet above them. Operated by 17 airforces in more than 20 different variants, Canberras have been to war at Suez and in India, in Vietnam and the Falklands campaign, and in 1996 Canberra PR9s were engaged in operational reconnaissance flights over Bosnia and in other regions. It is widely and justifiably regarded as one of the greatest aircraft designs of all time.
Manufacturer : Avro
Production Began : 1942
Retired : 1963
Number Built : 7377
The Avro Lancaster arose from the avro Manchester and the first prototype Lancaster was a converted Manchester with four engines. The Lancaster was first flown in January 1941, and started operations in March 1942. By March 1945 The Royal Air Force had 56 squadrons of Lancasters with the first squadron equipped being No.44 Squadron. During World War Two the Avro Lancaster flew 156,000 sorties and dropped 618,378 tonnes of bombs between 1942 and 1945. Lancaster Bomberss took part in the devastating round-the-clock raids on Hamburg during Air Marshall Harris' Operation Gomorrah in July 1943. Just 35 Lancasters completed more than 100 successful operations each, and 3,249 were lost in action. The most successful survivor completed 139 operations, and the Lancaster was scrapped after the war in 1947. A few Lancasters were converted into tankers and the two tanker aircraft were joined by another converted Lancaster and were used in the Berlin Airlift, achieving 757 tanker sorties. A famous Lancaster bombing raid was the 1943 mission, codenamed Operation Chastise, to destroy the dams of the Ruhr Valley. The operation was carried out by 617 Squadron in modified Mk IIIs carrying special drum shaped bouncing bombs designed by Barnes Wallis. Also famous was a series of Lancaster attacks using Tallboy bombs against the German battleship Tirpitz, which first disabled and later sank the ship. The Lancaster bomber was the basis of the new Avro Lincoln bomber, initially known as the Lancaster IV and Lancaster V. (Becoming Lincoln B1 and B2 respectively.) Their Lancastrian airliner was also based on the Lancaster but was not very successful. Other developments were the Avro York and the successful Shackleton which continued in airborne early warning service up to 1992.
Manufacturer : Avro
Full profile not yet available.
Manufacturer : Boulton Paul
Full profile not yet available.
Manufacturer : Airspeed
Full profile not yet available.
Manufacturer : Boulton Paul
Full profile not yet available.
Manufacturer : Short
Production Began : 1939
Number Built : 2381
The Royal Air Force's first four engined monoplane Bomber, the Short Stirling first flew in May 1939 and entered front line service in August 1940 with no. 7 squadron. Due to its poor operational ceiling the aircraft sustained heavy losses and by mid 1942 the Stirling was beginning to be replaced by the Lancaster. Improved versions of the Short Stirling were built for Glider towing, paratroopers and heavy transport. also from 1943 many of the Stirling's were used for mine laying. A total of 2381 Stirling's were built for the Royal air Force and from this total 641 Stirling bombers were lost to enemy action. Crew 7 or 8: Speed: 260 mph (MK1) 275mph (MKIII) and 280mph (MKV)Service ceiling 17,000 feet Range: 2330 miles. (MK1) 2010 miles (MKIII) and 3,000 miles (MKV) Armament: two .303 Vickers machine guns. in nose turret, two .303 in browning machine guns in dorsal turret , Four .303 Browning machine guns in tail turret. Bomb Load 14,000 Lbs Engines: four 1150 Hp Bristol Hercules II (MK1) four 1650 hp Bristol Hercules XVI (MK111 and MKV)
Full profile not yet available.
Manufacturer : Avro
Production Began : 1955
The Avro Vulcan was the worlds first delta winged heavy bomber. the first prototype flew on the 30th August 1952 and the first production Vulcan flew in February 1955. The first Avro Vulcan's arrived for service with the Royal Air Force with 230 operational Conversion Unit (OCU) at RAF Finningley in May 1956. with the first squadron to receive the Vulcan in July 1957 was 83 squadron. In April 1968 Bomber Command merged into the Newly created Strike Command with eight Squadrons being equipped with Vulcan's. A terrain Hugging variant was introduced (the Vulcan SR2) in 1973, to all squadrons except no. 27 squadron (Flying Elephants) which was a Maritime reconnaissance Sqd. The Last Major role for the Avro Bomber was the bombing of Argentinean Airfields in the Falkland Islands During The Falklands Conflict The Avro Vulcan high Altitude Bomber with a crew of five. Top Speed 650 mph with a ceiling of 60,000 feet. maximum range of 5750 miles (with in flight refuelling). with a conventional bomb load of 21 x 1000 lb bombs
Manufacturer : Vickers
Production Began : 1938
Retired : 1953
The Vickers Wellington was a Bomber aircraft and also used for maritime reconnaissance. and had a normal crew of six except in the MKV and VI where a crew of three was used. Maximum speed was 235 mph (MK1c) 255 mph (MK III, X) and 299 mph (MK IIII), normal operating range of 1805 miles (except MK III which was 1470miles) The Wellington or Wimpy as it was known, was the major bomber of the Royal Air Force between 1939 and 1943. The Royal Air Force received its first Wellingtons in October 1938 to 99 squadron. and by the outbreak of World war two there were 6 squadrons equipped with the Vickers Wellington. Due to heavy losses on daylight raids, the Wellington became a night bomber and from 1940 was also used as a long range bomber in North Africa. and in 1942 also became a long range bomber for the royal Air Force in India. It was well used by Coastal Command as a U-Boat Hunter. The Wellington remained in service with the Royal Air Force until 1953. Probably due to its versatile use, The aircraft was also used for experimental work including the fitting of a pressure cabin for High altitude tests. The Vickers Wellington could sustain major damage and still fly, probably due to its construction of its geodesic structure and practical application of geodesic lines. Designed by Sir Barnes Wallis
|Signatures for : No.101 Sqn RAF|
|A list of all signatures from our database who are associated with this squadron. A profile page is available by clicking their name.|
Sergeant Idris Taff Arndell
Click the name above to see prints signed by Sergeant Idris Taff Arndell
| Sergeant Idris Taff Arndell |
Volunteered for aircrew at age 17 and was called up just before his eighteenth birthday for Wireless Operator and air gunnery training. Later joined No.101 Squadron serving with Rusty Waughman and sharing in at least two near fatal mid-air incidents. Idris went on to fly with Wg Cdr Alexander on the last of the Battle of Berlin missions, completing his tour on 4th June 1944. He later returned to operational duties, including the Manna relief drops and the last raid over Bertesgarten.
Squadron Leader Alexander Alec Cowan
Click the name above to see prints signed by Squadron Leader Alexander Alec Cowan
| Squadron Leader Alexander Alec Cowan |
Joined the RAF in 1941 and qualified as a navigator in December 1942 after training in the USA and Canada. He joined Rusty Waughman's crew in July 1943 and completed his tour of operations with him on No.101 Squadron in June 1944. A subsequent posting to Transport Command led to many years spent flying around the world. He retired from the RAF in 1977 after a service career spent mostly on flying, examining and instructional duties.
Flt Lt George Harris DFC
Click the name above to see prints signed by Flt Lt George Harris DFC
| Flt Lt George Harris DFC |
Flew on Lancasters with 101 Squadron special duties.
Squadron Leader Dick Haven
Click the name above to see prints signed by Squadron Leader Dick Haven
| Squadron Leader Dick Haven |
Joining the RAF in 1951 he was a pilot on Canberras, Valiants and Vulcan B.2s serving with 27, 12, 101, 44, 9 and 35 Squadrons including time as Chief Flying Instructor.
Flt. Lt. Ronald Homes DFC
Click the name above to see prints signed by Flt. Lt. Ronald Homes DFC
| Flt. Lt. Ronald Homes DFC |
Joined the RAF in March 1942 and after initial training, went to Terrell, Texas, USA for his flying training, where he gained his wings in May 1943. He returned to the UK and joined the Special Operations No. 101 Sqdn. in May 1944, going on to complete 32 Ops. over Europe. After his bombing tour he converted onto Dakotas, joined No. 238 Sqdn. and flew out to India and Burma, then on to Australia and the South Pacific. After the Japanese surrender he joined 1315 Flight and flew up to Japan with the occupation forces.
Warrant Officer Roy Last
Click the name above to see prints signed by Warrant Officer Roy Last
| Warrant Officer Roy Last |
Was called up early in 1943 upon reaching his eighteenth birthday. He trained at 7 AGS Stormydown and crewed up at Wing OTU. He started ops at 101 Squadron, Ludford Magna on 18th April 1944 on Aachen and was selected for Pathfinders after six ops with 101 Squadron. He completed 30 ops with 582 Squadron at Little Staughton, carrying out several master bomber raids. He was wounded by flak in September 1944 and returned to the Squadron. He rejoined his skipper and completed another ten ops before being posted to PFTU as a gunnery instructor.
Air Vice-Marshal Eric Macey
Click the name above to see prints signed by Air Vice-Marshal Eric Macey
| Air Vice-Marshal Eric Macey |
Eric Macey joined the RAF in 1954 and, after graduating as a pilot, flew Hunter fighters with 263 and 1 Sqns. He next joined the rapidly-expanding V-Force, initially flying Valiants of 214 Sqn on in-flight refuelling trials, and completed the first non-stop flight to Singapore. Then followed a Vulcan captaincy with 101 Sqn on which, over the next several years, he served as Sqn Pilot, Training Officer and Sqn Cdr (and which formed part of his Wing when he was OC Waddington). Between times, he was Chief Instructor of the Vulcan OCU at Scampton and, for a short time, also Stn Cdr there. Posted to Germany in 1979, he flew the Wessex, Puma, Jaguar, Phantom and Harrier and later served as AOC (of the University Air Squadrons) and Commandant of the RAF College Cranwell where he re-qualified on the Jet Provost. His final tour as Director-General Training added another 15 aircraft types bringing his total flying hours to about 3400 (1900 on the Vulcan) and total types flown to 60.
Sergeant E H Ted Manners
Click the name above to see prints signed by Sergeant E H Ted Manners
| Sergeant E H Ted Manners |
Volunteered for aircrew duties in the RAF in November 1942 and trained as an Air Gunner in the Isle of Man. He volunteered for Special Duties whilst at 14 OTU and joined 101 Squadron in November 1942 completing a tour of 30 operations with P/O Waughman and crew on 31st May 1944, aged 19. He was commissioned on leaving the squadron and after a period as a Gunnery Instructor he joineda new crew as an Air Gunner and was destined to join Tiger Force in the Far East when the war ended. With the cessation of hostilities he transferred to the Intelligence Branch and served in Egypt, Italy ad Austria. He was demobbed in 1947.
Sqn Ldr Tony Charlie Neve MBE
Click the name above to see prints signed by Sqn Ldr Tony Charlie Neve MBE
| Sqn Ldr Tony Charlie Neve MBE |
Was taught German at school and visited Germany as a guest of the Hitler Youth! Having survived the bombing of his home town of Bristol, he decided to retaliate and volunteer for aircrew in September 1942. After a spell of training in Canada as an Air Gunner he returned to England and was posted to No.101 Squadron where he trained and operated as a Special Duties Officer, finally completing 31 Ops. Tony flew in SR-W on 11th November 1944 during a raid on Dortmund.
Warrant Officer J Ormerod DFM
Click the name above to see prints signed by Warrant Officer J Ormerod DFM
| Warrant Officer J Ormerod DFM |
Joined up on 14th August 1942 as a mechanic. He became Flight Engineer and flew with Sgt Zanchi of 101 Sqn, completing two trips with him, before going on leave. On returning from leave, he found out that his crew were missing on a Berlin op, so he became a spare engineer. He flew eight trips on Berlin with six different pilots and then joined Rusty Waughman's crew and finished his tour with them. When the war was over Ormerod flew on York A/C from Lyneham RAF 511 Sqd to the Far East until September 1946.
Flying Officer Fred Osborne
Click the name above to see prints signed by Flying Officer Fred Osborne
| Flying Officer Fred Osborne |
Joined the RAF in 1941 for pilot training and after going solo (Tiger Moths) at Fair Oaks, Surrey, was posted to the USA Detroit then Pensacola Naval Air Station, Florida. He spent an enjoyable two or three months at Pensacola but was devastated at being scrubbed and remustered to Observer course in Canada; his offer to be a glider pilot was refused. He eventually served as Bomb Aimer with Bob Sexton's (Australian) crew and served on 101 Squadron and 7 Squadron PFF. His tour and ops flying ended after a mid-air collision whilst returning from an op on Leipzig. He cannot recall the actual crash but owes his life to the late T Shaw who rescued him from the burning aircraft.
Sergeant Stan Waind DFM
Click the name above to see prints signed by Sergeant Stan Waind DFM
| Sergeant Stan Waind DFM |
Completed 31 operational sorties with No.101 Squadron as Flight Engineer, this prior to his 20th birthday. Commissioned at the end of his stay with 101 Sqdn, he was posted to HQ 229 Group Transport Command, New Delhi. After a short spell of admin duties he applied to be returned to flying duties, resulting in a posting to No.215 Sqn in Singapore where he took up the position of Co-pilot / Flight Engineer with the crew responsible for flying VIPs across South-East Asia.
Flt Lt Russell Rusty Waughman DFC AFC
Click the name above to see prints signed by Flt Lt Russell Rusty Waughman DFC AFC
| Flt Lt Russell Rusty Waughman DFC AFC |
Volunteered for the RAF in 1941. After training in Canada, he qualified as a heavy bomber pilot. In November 1943 he was posted to No.101 (Special Duties) Squadron at Ludford Magna. He completed a tour of operations, which began during the Battle of Berlin, where they did several operations. Surviving a mid-air collision, only to write the aircraft off on landing, Rusty and his crew on a subsequent flight had a miraculous escape when their aircraft was blown upside down, over the target, at Mailly-le-Camp; they also survived the Nuremberg raid on 30th March 1944, when 97 aircraft were lost - including about one quarter of 101 Sqn strength that night.
Squadron Leader Martin Withers, DFC
Click the name above to see prints signed by Squadron Leader Martin Withers, DFC
| Squadron Leader Martin Withers, DFC |
Joined the RAF in 1968. In 1971, he was posted to 44 Sqn at RAF Waddington as a Vulcan co-pilot, remaining there on 50 Sqn as a captain until 1976. After 3 years as a Jet Provost QFI at RAF Linton-on-Ouse, he returned to RAF Scampton as a QFI on the Vulcan Operational Conversion Unit. When the OCU closed, he moved again to RAF Waddington as Pilot Leader and Squadron QFI on 101 Sqn. The following year, during the Falklands War, he and his crew were selected to fly 2 of the 5 Black Buck missions. Martin Withers was the captain on XM607, the first Vulcan to bomb in anger during the Falklands War. On 1 May 1982, just one month after the Argentine invasion, Withers and his crew completed Black Buck One, the longest distance bombing mission in history until that time, and one of the most significant, attacking Port Stanley airfield during an 8,000 mile, 16 hour flight from their base at Ascension Island. for which he was awarded the DFC, with the other crewmembers being Mentioned in Dispatches. With the final demise of the Vulcan squadrons, he returned to No1 FTS at RAF Linton-on-Ouse, where he served as squadron commander and Deputy Chief Instructor, until leaving the RAF in 1991, having flown over 5500 hours (2000 on Vulcans). Since then he has accumulated a further 9500 hours on a variety of airliners, and is now flying the Boeing 767.
|Aviation History Timeline : 28th June|
|28||June||1918||Rene Montrion, a WW1 Ace with 11.00 victories, died on this day|
|28||June||1941||Former British Battle of Britain pilot, F/O B. A. H. Hitchings of 3 Squadron, was Killed.|
|28||June||1941||Former British Battle of Britain pilot, Sgt. B. G. D. Gardner of 610 Squadron, was Killed.|
|28||June||1941||Former British Battle of Britain pilot, Sgt. D.W. E. Chapple of 236 Squadron, was Killed.|
|28||June||1941||Former British Battle of Britain pilot, Sgt. L. Hird of 604 Squadron, was Killed.|
|28||June||1942||Generalleutnant Otto Hoffmann von Waldau of Fliegerführer Afrika was awarded the Knight's Cross|
|28||June||1944||Former British Battle of Britain pilot, Sgt. R. S. Mallett of 29 Squadron, was Killed.|
|28||June||1944||Wing Commander Andy Mackenzie of No.403 Sqn RCAF shot down a Fw190|
|28||June||1998||Major General Marion Carl, whose signature is on some of our aviation art, died on this day|
|28||June||1998||Marion Carl, a WW2 Ace with 18.50 victories, died on this day|
|28||June||2006||George Unwin, a WW2 Ace with 10.00 victories, died on this day|
|28||June||2006||Wing Commander George Grumpy Unwin, DSO, DFM*, whose signature is on some of our aviation art, died on this day|
|28||June||2008||Squadron Leader Pat Carden DFC AE, whose signature is on some of our aviation art, died on this day|
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