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Gunther Scholz

Victories : 22
-----------------------------
Country : Germany
Fought in : WW2
Fought for : Axis

After seeing action in the Spanish campaign, Gunther Scholz flew with 7./JG54 in Poland and France, and during the Battle of Britain. Transferring to the Eastern Front he flew with III./JG5 from February 1942, later with Geschwaderstab JG5. In July 1944 he was posted to Norway. Scholz was awarded the Iron Cross I and finished the war with 33 victories.


Latest Axis Aviation Artwork !
 It is a record likely to stand for all time, Erich Hartmann's tally of 352 victories is more than any other pilot in history.  Posted to JG52 over Russia in August 1942 his new Kommodore, Dieter Hrabak, placed the novice pilot under the guidance of Paule Rossman, one of the unit's most experienced and respected Aces.  However, during his very first combat Hartmann became so disorientated that he got lost in cloud and ran out of fuel.  His undoubted skill as a pilot enabled him to survive the inevitable crash-landing, but a few days later and just minutes after scoring his first ever victory, he was shot down - again crash-landing. This time he only just escaped from his burning aircraft before it exploded.  Any other new pilot might have succumbed but Hartmann was made of sterner stuff and , with Rossman's help and guidance, it was not long before everyone in JG52 realised that he possessed exceptional skill.  By the summer of 1943 <i>the Blond Knight</i> and his colleagues were flying up to six missions a day and having now perfected his technique, it was unusual for him to finish a day without a victory.  Never claiming to be an expert marksman, his approach, which took nerves of steel and great flying skills, was to get as close to his enemy as possible before opening fire at the last minute.  Often flying head on, the risks of collision and damage were great - of the sixteen times Hartmann was brought down, eight were as a result of flying into the debris of his victim!  Hartmann's 352 victories were achieved with JG52 - all except one.  It happened during a brief two week spell at the beginning of February 1945 when the top Ace was placed in temporary command of I./JG53.  His new unit were based in Hungary where German Army Group South was in bitter retreat and the fighting was as tough and relentless as ever.  <i>The Blond Knight</i>portrays Erich Hartmann climbing out of his Bf109 G-6 at Weszperem's snow-covered airfield after returning from another arduous mission leading Stab I./JG53 with whom, on 4th February he downed a Yak-9.  It was his 337th victory.

The Blond Knight by Robert Taylor.
 Those Aces with over 100 victories were exceptional.  To reach 200 victories was a spectacular achievement.  Yet two men went even further and accomplished a feat that will never be repeated - both of them shot down more than 300 enemy aircraft which placed them in a league of their own.  They were the elite of the elite, and their names are legendary - Erich Hartmann and Gerhard Barkhorn.  It is no surprise that these iconic Aces scored their victories whilst flying with the legendary fighter wing JG52.  Active from the beginning of the war, the unit fought in the Battle of France, but suffered terrible losses during the Battle of Britain before transferring to the Eastern Front at the outset of Operation Barbarossa, and it was here that it solidified its fearsome reputation.  Operating the Bf109 throughout the war, the Geschwader boasted some of the greatest Luftwaffe pilots of world war two among its ranks - including the top three Aces of all time.  Such renowned pilots as Gunther Rall (275 victories), Wilhelm Batz (237 victories), Hermann Graf (212 victories) and Helmut Lipfert (203 victories) helped this formidable unit notch up more than 10,000 victories, making it the most successful fighter wing in history.  <i>Hunters at Dawn</i> features Hptm. Gerhard Barkhorn, Gruppenkommandeur of II./JG52.  The great Ace, flying his Bf109 G-6, leads the Stab as they climb out from their base near the Black Sea, early November 1943.  The crisp air of day break is temporarily punctuated by the roar of Daimler-Benz engines as the deadly Messerschmitt fighters set off on their daily hunt for Soviet aircraft over the front line.

Hunters at Dawn by Robert Taylor.
The Luftwaffe had done everything in its power to pummel London into submission but they failed. By the end of September 1940 their losses were mounting. For weeks since the early days of September, London had been the main target for the Luftwaffe and during that time Luftwaffe High Command had grown increasingly despondent as their losses steadily mounted. Far from being on the brink of collapse RAF Fighter Command, though vastly outnumbered, had shown an incredible resilience. The fighting had reached a dramatic climax on Sunday 15th September when, bloodied and bruised, the Luftwaffe had lost the upper hand on a day of intense combat that had culminated with a humiliating retreat. Almost every day that had passed since then had seen the Luftwaffe do everything in its power to pummel London and regain the initiative, but the daylight raids were becoming increasingly costly. On Friday 27th September, 80 days after the Battle of Britain had officially begun, the Luftwaffe came once more, this time concentrating on the fastest bombers they had - Ju88s and Bf110s. And they came in force, principally targeting London and Bristol. Anthony Saunders' superb painting depicts one of these raids, this time by bombers from KG77 as they head over the Medway Estuary, east of the City of London, in an attempt to attack the capital's warehouses and docks. Among the many units defending the capital that day was 92 Squadron from Biggin Hill and Anthony portrays the Spitfire of Pilot Officer Geoffrey Wellum in his dramatic piece. With a deft flick of the rudder Wellum banks his fighter away to port seconds after sharing in the destruction of a Ju88. It was just one of more than 50 German aircraft destroyed by the RAF during the day.
Decisive Blow by Anthony Saunders.
 Supermarine Spitfire Mk.1As of No.610 (County of Chester) Sqn RAAF, intercept incoming Heinkel 111H-16s of the 9th Staffel, Kampfgeschwader 53 Legion Condor during the big daylight raids on London of August and September 1940 - the climax of the Battle of Britain.  Spitfire N3029 (DW-K) was shot down by a Bf109 on the 5th of September 1940 and crash-landed near Gravesend, Kent, thankfully without injury to Sgt Willcocks, the pilot.  For the record, N3029 was rebuilt and, following some brief flying in the UK, was sent overseas by convoy to the Middle East.  Ironically, the ship carrying this aircraft was torpedoed en route and both ship and all its cargo were lost.

Close Encounter by Ivan Berryman. (PC)

Gunther Scholz

Squadrons for : Gunther Scholz
A list of all squadrons known to have been served with by Gunther Scholz. A profile page is available by clicking the squadron name.
SquadronInfo

JG26

Country : Germany
'Ace of Hearts'

Click the name above to see prints featuring aircraft of JG26
JG26

Jagdgeschwader 26 Schlageter was a Luftwaffe fighter-wing of World War II. It operated mainly in Western Europe against Great Britain, France and the United States but also saw service against Russia. It was named after Albert Leo Schlageter, a World War I veteran and Freikorps member arrested and executed by the French for sabotage in 1923.

Commanders of II. Gruppe JG 26

Hptm. Werner Palm, 1 May 1939 – 27 June 1939
Hptm Herwig Knüppel, 28 June 1939 – 19 May 1940
Hptm Karl Ebbighausen, 20 May 1940 – 31 May 1940
Hptm. Erich Noack, 1 June 1940 – 24 July 1940
Hptm Karl Ebbighausen, 25 July 1940 – 16 August 1940
Hptm Erich Bode, 17 August 1940 – 3.10.40
Hptm Walter Adolph, 4 October 1940 – 18 September 1941
Hptm Joachim Müncheberg, 19 September 1941 – 21 July 1942
Hptm Conny Meyer, 22 July 1942 – 2 January 1943
Maj Wilhelm-Ferdinand Galland, 3 January 43 – 17 August 1943
Hptm Hans Naumann, 18 August 1943 – 8 September 1943
ObLt Johannes Seifert, 9 September 1943 – 25 November 1943
Maj Wilhelm Gäth, 26 November 1943 – 1 March 1944
Hptm Hans Naumann, 2 March 1944 – 28 June 1944
Hptm Emil Lang, 29 June 1944 – 3 September 1944
Hptm Georg-Peter Eder, 4 September 1944 – 8 October 1944
Maj Anton Hackl, 9 October 1944 – 29 January 45
ObLt Waldemar Radener, 30 January 1945 – 22 February 1945
Hptm Paul Schauder, 23 February 1945 – 1 May 1945

JG5

Country : Germany
'Ace of Hearts'

Click the name above to see prints featuring aircraft of JG5
JG5

Eismeer was a Luftwaffe fighter Wing that served during World War II. As the name Eismeer (Ice Sea) implies, it was created to operate in the far North of Europe, namely Norway, Scandinavia and northern parts of Finland, all nearest the Arctic Ocean. Just over two dozen fighter aircraft that once served with JG 5 during the war still survive in the 21st century, more than from any other combat wing of any of the Axis air forces of World War II.

JG54

Country : Germany
'Ace of Hearts'

Click the name above to see prints featuring aircraft of JG54
JG54

I./JG 54 was initially formed as I./JG 70 near Nuremberg in July 1939, just two short months before hostilities broke out. As was to become tradition within Grunherzgeschwader, the Gruppe took the Nurember coat-of-arms (a veritcally divided shield with a black heraldic bird on the left, and red and white diagonal stripes on the right) to represent the region the unit came from.

On September 15, 1939, I./JG 70 was redesignated I./JG 54

The initial unit designation for II./JG 54 was I./JG 138. This unit was raised in 1938 after the Austrian annexation. Naturally many Austrian nationals were recruited when I./JG 138 was formed. The Aspern coat of arms (black lion's head surmounting a white cross on a red field) was taken by the Gruppe for its identity.

I./JG 138 was briefly designated I./JG 76 before finally becoming II./JG 54 on April 6, 1940.

The III./JG 54 has its roots in Prussia. Initially I./JG 21, the members were drawn from the Jesau region in Prussia. The modified Jesau coat-of-arms (a shield with a Jesau cross with three diving aircraft on a red background, with a white outline on the shield) was adopted as the Gruppe's own.

On July 15, 1939, I./JG 21 was redesignated III./JG 54. However, the bureaucratic nature of the young Luftwaffe was such that it was over a year before records would reflect the new designation. Consequently, III./JG 54 fought in Poland and France as I./JG 21.


Kommodoren of JG 54 :

Major Martin Mettig; 2 Feb 40 to 25 Aug 40.
Oberst Hannes Trautloft; 25 Aug 40 to 5 Jul 43.
Major Hubertus von Bonin; 6 Jul 43 to 15 Dec 43.
Oberstleutnant Anton Mader; 28 Jan 44 to Sep 44.
Oberst Dieter Hrabak; 1 Oct 44 to 8 May 45.

Known Victory Claims - Gunther Scholz

DATE

PILOT

UNIT

JG

CLAIMED

LOCATION

TIME

FRONT

19/08/1938Ltn. Günther Scholz3J/88Rata--Spanish Civil War
13/05/1940Oblt. Günther Scholz1JG 21CurtissE. Löwen: 3500m6.4Western Front
20/05/1940Oblt. Günther Scholz1JG 21Morane 406W. Péronne: 2000m18.22Western Front
26/05/1940Oblt. Günther Scholz1JG 21CurtissLens-Douai: 3000-3500m9.06Western Front
26/05/1940Oblt. Günther Scholz1JG 21CurtissRaum Lens-Douai9.16Western Front
25/08/1940Oblt. Günther Scholz7JG 54SpitfireW. Folkestone: 7500m20.1Western Front
28/08/1940Oblt. Günther Scholz7JG 54Hurricane-17.2Western Front
02/09/1940Oblt. Günther Scholz7JG 54Spitfire-13.35Western Front
28/09/1940Oblt. Günther ScholzStab III.JG 54Spitfire-11.07Western Front
23/06/1941Oblt. Günther Scholz7JG 54SB-2-11.5Eastern Front
30/06/1941Oblt. Günther Scholz7JG 54DB-3-12.1Eastern Front
30/06/1941Oblt. Günther Scholz7JG 54DB-3-12.12Eastern Front
30/06/1941Oblt. Günther Scholz7JG 54DB-3-12.14Eastern Front
06/07/1941Oblt. Günther Scholz7JG 54SB-3E. Ostrow10Eastern Front
06/07/1941Oblt. Günther Scholz7JG 54SB-3E. Ostrow10.07Eastern Front
07/07/1941Oblt. Günther Scholz7JG 54SB-3-15.4Eastern Front
07/07/1941Oblt. Günther Scholz7JG 54SB-3-15.41Eastern Front
10/07/1941Oblt. Günther Scholz7JG 54SB-3E. Pleskau9.15Eastern Front
12/07/1941Oblt. Günther Scholz7JG 54DB-3-16Eastern Front
14/07/1941Oblt. Günther Scholz7JG 54I-16 Rata-3.3Eastern Front
21/07/1941Oblt. Günther Scholz7JG 54SB-3-20.55Eastern Front
01/08/1941Oblt. Günther Scholz7JG 54DB-3-19.05Eastern Front
19/09/1941Oblt. Günther Scholz7JG 54I-153-14Eastern Front
26/09/1941Oblt. Günther Scholz7JG 54I-18-16.07Eastern Front
30/09/1941Oblt. Günther Scholz7JG 54I-153-15.4Eastern Front
04/10/1941Oblt. Günther Scholz7JG 54I-18-8.35Eastern Front
11/10/1941Oblt. Günther Scholz7JG 54I-26-11.1Eastern Front
06/02/1942Hptm. Günther ScholzStab III.JG 5Curtiss P-4037 Ost/20 882: 4000m11.1Eastern Front
06/02/1942Hptm. Günther ScholzStab III.JG 5Curtiss P-4037 Ost/20 882: 4000m11.1Eastern Front
18/05/1942Hptm. Günther ScholzStab III.JG 5Hurricane-10.25Eastern Front
14/07/1942Hptm. Günther ScholzStab III.JG 5HurricaneMurmansk: 4500m12.35Eastern Front
12/08/1942Hptm. Günther ScholzStab III.JG 5MiG-129 12: 4000m14.3Eastern Front
26/06/1943Fw. Günther Scholz5JG 26P-4720km N. Neufchâtel: 2500m19Western Front
18/08/1943Major Günther ScholzStab III.JG 5KittyhawkW. Kap Korabelnyj: 1000m16.24Eastern Front

Known Claims : 34

Aviation History Timeline : 22nd January
DAYMONTHYEARDETAILS
22January1942Former Belgian Battle of Britain pilot, P/O J. H. M. Offenberg of 145 Squadron, was Killed.
22January1943Former British Battle of Britain pilot, P/O W. L. King of 236 Squadron, was Killed.
22January1943Leutnant Kurt Stifter of 9./Sturzkampfgeschwader 77 was awarded the Knight's Cross
22January1943Leutnant Paul Landgraf of I./Flak-Regiment 19 was awarded the Knight's Cross
22January1943Oberfeldwebel Eugen-Ludwig Zweigart of 5./Jagdgeschwader 54 was awarded the Knight's Cross
22January1943Oberfeldwebel Otto Leupert of I.(K)/Lehrgeschwader 1 was awarded the Knight's Cross
22January1943Unteroffizier Bernhard Hülsmann of 8./Flak-Regiment 4 was awarded the Knight's Cross
22January1944Former British Battle of Britain pilot, Sgt. J. Lynch of 25 Squadron, was Killed.
22January1944Otto Gaiser, a WW2 Ace with 74.00 victories, died on this day
22January1945Former British Battle of Britain pilot, P/O R. S. Don of 501 Squadron, was Killed.
22January1945Oberleutnant Theodor Langhart of 8./Sturzkampfgeschwader 77 was awarded the Knight's Cross
22January1946Former British Battle of Britain pilot, Sgt. J. B. Shepherd of 234 Squadron, was Killed.
22January1949F McCall, a WW1 Ace with 37.00 victories, died on this day
22January2009Squadron Leader Hartland Finlay DFC, whose signature is on some of our aviation art, died on this day

 

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